Irritated skin is one of the most common types of allergies treated and managed by allergists/immunologists. Skin allergies often occur when an allergen is responsible for triggering an immune system response. There are a variety of conditions associated with skin allergies, including eczema (atopic dermatitis), allergic contact dermatitis, hives (urticaria), and angioedema.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis is often an itchy, red rash caused by direct contact with an allergen. Typically, the rash won’t appear after the first time you touch something you are allergic to, but it often happens the next time. Dr. Langford can help you figure out what is causing your allergic reactions, often through a skin test, and prescribe a treatment plan.
Common triggers for contact dermatitis include:
- Poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac
- Hair dyes or straighteners
- Nickel, a metal found in jewelry and belt buckles
- Leather (specifically, chemicals used in tanning leather)
- Latex rubber
- Citrus fruit, especially the peel
- Fragrances in soaps, shampoos, lotions, perfumes, and cosmetics
- Some medications you put on your skin
Hives (Urticaria) & Angioedema
Hives often consist of raised red and white bumps on the skin’s surface which can be caused by an allergic reaction. Hives can itch, burn, or sting, and can be found anywhere on the body. As a reaction to the body releasing histamine, small blood vessels begin to leak and cause swelling in the skin. Angioedema is the swelling of the deep layers of the skin, and appears on the face around the lips, eyes, and cheeks and on the hands and feet. Angioedema and hives are often associated with each other. Call Langford Allergy to schedule a consultation and determine the best treatment approach for your hives or angioedema. In 2014, a new treatment was approved by the FDA called XOLAIR, and this infrequent injection may offer relief.
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is an itchy, red skin rash that can appear anywhere on the body but is most often found on the face or wrists, behind the knees or ears, and at the bends of the elbow. Over 30 million Americans have some form of eczema, and the rash is often associated with asthma, hay fever, or food allergies. However, eczema can also be triggered by stress, skin irritants, indoor or outdoor allergens, and the environment.Learn More